Mauritius, officially the Republic of Mauritius (French: République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent. The country includes the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues [560 kilometres (350 mi) east of Mauritius], and the outer islands (Agaléga, St. Brandon and two disputed territories). The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues form part of the Mascarene Islands, along with nearby Réunion, a French overseas department. The area of the country is 2,040 km2 (790 sq mi). The capital and largest city is Port Louis.
the people of Mauritius
According to the 2011 census conducted by Statistics Mauritius, Hinduism is the major religion at 51.9%, followed by Christianity (31.4%), Islam (15.3%) and Buddhism (0.4%). Those of other religions accounted for 0.2% of the population, and 0.7% reported themselves as non-religious and 0.1% did not answer. Mauritius is the only country in Africa to have a Hindu majority. An officially secular state, Mauritius is a religiously diverse nation, with freedom of religion being enshrined as a constitutional right.The culture of the Mauritian people is reflected in the various religious festivities that are celebrated throughout the year, some of which are recognized as public holidays. According to one estimate Mauritians spend an average of more than 700 hours per year engaging in religious activities.
The flag of Mauritius consists of red, blue, yellow and green bands which stands for:
Red: Red represents the struggle for freedom and independence.
Blue: Blue represents the Indian Ocean, in the middle of which Mauritius is situated.
Yellow: Yellow represents the new light of independence.
Green: Green represents the agriculture of Mauritius and its colour throughout the 12 months of the year.
the coat of arms
The coat of arms of Mauritius consists of a Dodo Bird and
Sambur Deer supporting sugar cane and a shield divided
into four sections. The country's motto, "Stella clavisque maris
indici," (Star and key of the Indian Ocean) is displayed in
Latin on a ribbon below.